Upasana Yoga

Upasana Yoga includes meditation, worship, pujas (ceremonies) and discipline. Upasana means to sit near Isvara (the creator). It is the second type of bhakti (devotion), with Karma Yoga being the first, and Jnana (knowledge) yoga being the third. Upasana purifies the mind, preparing it for Jnana Yoga.

“Upasana Yoga can be translated as disciplining and integrating the personality. Upasana Yoga is similar to Ashtanga Yoga of Patanjali. Adi Shankara accepts Ashtanga Yoga and renamed it Samadhi Yoga. So Upasana Yoga can also be called Samadhi Yoga.” Explore Vedanta

Patanjali’s Eight Limbs of Ashtanga Yoga. Notice the similarity between the eight limbs and many of the values expressed in the various Vedantic scriptures.

  1. Yama: Ahimsa (non-violence), Satya (truth and honesty), Asteya (non-stealing), brahmacharya (non-lust), aparigraha (non-possessiveness).
  2. Niyama: Shauca (purity), Santosha (contentment), Tapas (austerity), Svadhyayay (study of the sacred texts), Ishvara-pranidhana (devotion to God).
  3. Asana: Hatha Yoga and its various iterations. “Posture is mastered by freeing the body and mind from tension and restlessness and meditating on the infinite,” Patanjali.
  4. Pranayama: breathing practices.
  5. Pratyahara: Withdrawing the senses from external stimulus.
  6. Dharana: object meditation, focusing the mind on an object – breath, candle, mantra,…
  7. Dhyana: meditation on the subject – limitless conscious existence. This is not nothingness but the very substratum within which all objects arise.
  8. Samadhi: a state of oneness or bliss.

Below is a depiction of Upasana from Explore Vedanta. “Discipline is meant to conserve and channel shakti. And for a student of Vedanta, power is channelled into the pursuit of moksha.”

Puja (Ceremony): Rituals that pay homage, honor, offer reverence, and celebrate. In many cases, pujas are offered to deities/murtis (status like Ganesha), which are symbols and gateways to the Self – limitless conscious existence.

Links for more information on Upasana Yoga:

Swami Paramarthananda: Talks on Tattvabodhah

Swami Viditatmananda: Talks on Upasana

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