“When your mind is no longer distracted by various ends and means prompted by your raga-dvesas (likes and dislikes), because the goal is clear to you, it will remain steady, firmly established in atma (the Self). Then you will gain Self knowledge.”
Swami Dayanana, Bhagavad Gita Home Study Course, Chapter 2
Keeping your eye on the prize, this burning desire for freedom, is called mumukshutvam, and is the 4th qualification for liberation. This means, that your desire for freedom, is more powerful than all other desires – specifically three of the four purushartas or human pursuits (goals) – security, pleasure and virtue.
This knowledge of Self, that removes ignorance and leads to freedom, can only occur in a pure mind. A mind where one has renounced their attachments – to success, to power, to pleasure, to roles, even family – though such a person can still lovingly serve in their roles, they just have dispassion – a knowing that objects and experiences cannot lead to lasting fulfillment – only knowledge of the Self can.
This seeker of knowledge also has (1) Discrimination between what is real and that which comes and goes. (2) Dispassion for objects and experience. (3) Discipline and (4) Desire for liberation or mumukshutvam. The four D’s or four qualifications.
How can one prepare the mind for the knowledge of Self which leads to freedom or moskha: 1) Karma Yoga, 2) Upasana Yoga, 3) The Four Qualifications and 4) An In-depth Study of the Values. When the mind is ready, then Jnana (knowledge) Yoga or Self Inquiry is undertaken. Though Jnana Yoga is often concurrent with both Karma and Upasana Yogas.
Jnana Yoga has three parts, (1) Shravanam: immersion into the scripture under the guidance of a qualified teacher. (2) Mananam: reflections on the teachings and raising doubts to a qualified teacher. (3) Nididyasanam: assimilation of the teachings through further Shravanam and meditation on the Self or subject meditation versus object meditation.
Tat Tvam Asi – You Are That (Brahman)